While all students tend to experience learning loss when they do not engage in educational activities over the summer, low-income students fall behind the most. On average, low-income students lose more than two months of reading achievement each summer, while their middle-income peers tend to make slight gains. More than half of this achievement gap can be explained by unequal access to summer learning opportunities. The RAND study found positive effects on student achievement from a variety of summer learning programs, including both voluntary and mandatory programs, as well as programs that encourage students to read at home over the summer.
Summer Learning Loss and the Achievement Gap
Community-based models are also powerful in allowing everyone to take part in helping students maintain their school-year growth during the summer months. Students can read either online or offline, using a range of devices. Embedded supports and scaffolds—including professionally narrated audio, an embedded dictionary, sticky notes, and highlighters—support student reading in the classroom and at home.
- Your Way?
- Summer learning programs.
- The Promise of Summer Learning | The Expanded Learning and Afterschool Project.
- Photo, Bomb, Red Chair: New Poems.
We cannot afford to invest in 10 months of learning, growth, and hard work, just to lose months of progress each summer. Lasting consequences of the summer learning gap.
American Sociological Review, 72 2 , — The effects of summer vacation on achievement test scores. Review of Educational Research, 66 3 , —; Cooper, H.
Making the most of summer school. Family scholarly culture and educational success. School districts and summer programming providers can benefit from the existing research and lessons learned by other programs in terms of developing strategies to maximize program effectiveness and quality, student participation, and strategic partnerships and funding.
Recommendations for providers and policymakers address ways to mitigate barriers by capitalizing on a range of funding sources, engaging in long-term planning to ensure adequate attendance and hiring, and demonstrating positive student outcomes. Effectiveness of Summer Learning Programs. Costs of Summer Programming. Conclusions and Recommendations.
Related Making Summer Count: How Summer Programs Can Boost Childrens Learning (Rand Corporation Monograph)
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